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Selasa, 23 Februari 2016


BPKS not born by itself, but through a long process and has a strong legal umbrellaHistorically, the first Sabang Port once built by the Dutch government in 1881 with the main activity of charging water and coal into the ship called "Kolen Station". This port is managed by the firm De Lange who is authorized to construct various port facilities in 1887. Operations carried out by the port Maatschaapij Zeehaven en Kolen Station, which was then known as Sabang Maatsscappij 1895. In an era of the Netherlands, the port of Sabang has a very important role as a natural harbor for international shipping, especially in favor of natural commodity trading Aceh are exported to countries VrijHaven Sabang Eropa.Kejayaan ended during World War 2 in which Japan ruled East Asia in 1942 and experienced the physical destruction so Sabang port free closed. In 1950 the government makes Sabang as Base Maritime Defence of the Republic of Indonesia and the Free Port with Presidential Decree No. 10 Years, 1963 to Sabang Township was established by Law No. 10 Year 1965 Year 1970 status of Free Port of Sabang enhanced by Act No. 4 Year 1970 to the Regional Free Trade and Free Port for the past 30 years.

But only runs 15 years, Free Port of Sabang again closed the second time in 1985 while the government was open Bonded Zone of Batam. Since then the economic life of Sabang back stagnant and deserted like a remote town anywhere in the world. Thousands of people who depend on the port to be poor, unemployed and ended up doing a massive migration to the mainland in the mainland region of Aceh. Economic growth dropped dramatically in Aceh as a whole.Position Sabang as an Area of ​​Free Trade and Free Port began to be taken into account back in 1993, was marked by the establishment of the Economic Cooperation Regional Growth Triangle Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand (IMT-GT), followed by a jamboree of Science BPPT 1997, and in 1998 the town of Sabang and Pulo Aceh Subdistrict serve as Integrated Economic Development Zone (KAPET) which was inaugurated by President BJ. Habibie other KAPET along with Presidential Decree No. 171 dated 26 September 1998.
Sabang Status re-set as Free Trade Zone and Free Port in the presidential administration K.H. Abdurrahman Wahid through legal mandate of Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (decree) No. 2 in 2000. Later in the plenary session of Parliament on 20 November 2000 strengthened the determination of legal status through Law No. 37 of 2000. This decision was made the central government to Region Sabang in the west end can be used as a New Growth Center (New Growth Centre).Sabang Zone consisted of Kota Sabang (Pulau Weh, Klah Island, Pulau Rubiah, Seulako Island and Pulau Rondo) and the District of Pulo Aceh district of Aceh Besar (Breuh Island, Pulau Nasi and Pulau Teunom) with an area of ​​394 cubic kilometers. Based on the Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 18 Year 2005 concerning Regional Code and Data Administration, an area of ​​Kota Sabang (Subdistrict Sukakarya and Sukajaya) + 153 km2 and area of ​​Aceh Besar district (District of Pulo Aceh) is +241 km2.

BPKS - Concession Agency Free Trade Zone and Free Port of Sabang - established by decree of the Governor of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (as Chairman of the Board of Sabang Zone) No. 193/194 dated December 17, 2000. BPKS as an institution formed by the central government in Sabang is expected to become an institution managers can accelerate the growth of Sabang Zone. As a consequence, BPKS should be given delegated authority or partially affairs of the central government administration to be carried out in the free trade zone and free port of Sabang. But in practice for five (5) years less than the maximum perceived.
With the law No. 11/2006 on Governing Aceh (LOGA) newly ratified on July 11, 2006, then grew the stronger to make the Sabang Zone as Free Trade Zone and Free Port (Free Port and Free Trade Zone). This is reflected by the 273 articles contained in the BAL, 4 chapters that exist namely: Article 167, Article 168, Article 169 and Article 170; clearly and explicitly describes the function of Sabang Zone as Free Trade Zone and Free Port. In Article 167 clearly stated that the definition of Free Trade Zone and Free Port of Sabang, namely:An area that is within the jurisdiction of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia that is separate from the customs area that is free from (a) the trade system; (B) the imposition of import duties; (C) value added tax; and (d) sales tax on luxury goods. In Law Act that the same is mentioned that the Government and the Government of Aceh develop trade zone Sabang as a center for regional economic growth through activities in the fields of trade, services, industry, mining and energy, trasnportasi, maritime and tourism, agriculture, fisheries, and industries from around the region ,Also confirmed that the development of Sabang Zone is directed to increasing trade and investment and the smooth flow of goods and services except for the types of goods and services is expressly prohibited by law. In the future it is appropriate that the Free Port of Sabang As one Region Commerce and Tourism of the World which starts from the South Asian region which is very close to Sabang Zone, and also at the intersection of the distribution of goods from Europe and from Africa to the Americas and Australia.UU no. 11/2006 has also asserted that in order to expedite the development of Sabang Zone, the government delegate authority in the field of licensing and other necessary authority to the Board of Sabang Zone which will be implemented by BPKS for issuing business licenses, investment permits and other necessary permits entrepreneurs who founded and doing business in Sabang Zone.

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